| DistroWatch Weekly
|DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 54, 21 June 2004
Welcome to this year's 25th edition of DistroWatch Weekly. Last week wasn't a bad one in terms of interesting news with the unexpected release of SUSE LINUX 9.1 Personal ISO image for free download dominating the headlines of many news sites over the weekend.
SUSE LINUX and ISO images
The surprise release of SUSE LINUX 9.1 Personal edition in a form of an ISO image available for free download was greeted with a high approval rating by readers of various Linux news sites. Not only will this mean an easier way to install the popular German distribution, it will also likely increase SUSE's market share, which has always been lagging behind Red Hat/Fedora (on the corporate desktop and server) and behind Mandrakelinux on the home desktop. And while many would argue that, without server software and development tools, SUSE's Personal edition is too light for serious use, it can be easily upgraded to the Professional edition by installing additional software directly from SUSE's FTP servers and mirrors. Overall, this is a very good move by SUSE LINUX, a sign that the company's revenue generated through the traditional sales model has now been surpassed by more lucrative ways of maintaining profitability.
Linux and the Arab world
Open source software is highly addictive. The sheer amount of development communities being established in many parts of the world is truly mind-boggling - a clear evidence of the ever increasing popularity of Linux and Free Software. The Arabic-speaking world is no exception; if you've ever had a chance to check out Arabeyes.org, you would have noticed the enormous amount of work the Arabeyes.org community has done to bring Linux to the desktop of many of their fellow Arabs. The work does not concentrate on translation only, there is also a concerted effort to create a complete Arabic infrastructure, including right-to-left support for the console and applications, Arabic fonts, dictionaries, spellcheckers and printing.
One of the main contributors and driving forces behind Arabic Linux is Ossama Khayat from Kuwait. Ossama has been an avid contributor to DistroWatch.com and he is responsible for single-handedly translating many parts of this web site into Arabic. Below is an excerpt for a recently published interview with Ossama Khayat, a great example of how a young hobbyist was able to make a difference in propelling the "Arabisation" of Linux/UNIX forward. Ossama has played multiple roles on the translation front and is a landmark contributor with an impressive record of accomplishments:
"Arabeyes.org: What are Linux/open-source's major advantages, as far as you are concerned ?
Ossama Khayat: There's nothing to hide. No back-doors, hidden secrets, selfishness, control greed, patents... etc. It's all about sharing, participating, making a difference and giving back. The freedom and openness of these traits resulted in having massive amounts of participants from varying backgrounds, levels and nationalities. These people and these thoughts turned to be a perfect source for the advancement of Linux and Open Source in general. The unity aspects of Linux and Open Source just seem extraordinary to me."
The full interview is available in both Arabic and English.
On a related note, a new version of the Morphix-based Arabbix live CD is now under development; this is the screenshot of Arabbix 0.9-alpha1 released last week:
The first alpha of Arabbix 0.9 - notice the complete "Arabisation" of GNOME and OpenOffice.org.
(full image size 108kB)
|Released Last Week
YES Linux 2.0.9
YES Linux 2.0.9 has been released: "YES Corporation would like to announce the release of YES Linux 2.0.9 for immediate downloading. The major changes are: additions of postfix, postfix-postgresql, courier-imap, courier-postgresql, squirrelmail, cbq.init - bandwidth limiting; removal of apache-james, yes-mail; updates of Java, yes-kernel, modutils, mondo, mindi, awstats, phpPgAdmin." The complete announcement.
Buffalo Linux 1.3.0
Buffalo Linux 1.3.0 has been released: "Latest Buffalo Version 1.3.0, release date: 14 Jun 2004. This newest version includes IceWM-1.2.14, improved Buffalo Desktop, new CD/ISO upgrade option (from Buffalo Version 1.1.5 or later). A total of 57 package upgrades including: scribus-1.1.7, imagemagick-6.0, mysql-4.0.20, opera-7.51, and many more." All details can be found in the changelog.
ADIOS Linux 3.10
This is a new bugfix release of ADIOS Linux 3 series: "Version 3.10 was released today and has a small fix for Mozilla to support email and chat. Version 4.0 has had some problems with SELinux but a prerelease will be available Friday 18 June." Read the distribution's news page for more information.
DeLi Linux 0.6
A new version of DeLi Linux has been released: "Deli Linux 0.6 is out. We have now an easy-to-use menu driven installation, Kernel 2.2.26 and lot of other things. See Changelog for changes in the base package. An ISO image is available. We have now a package list, where you can see exactly which version of which program we have in each package." The full announcement can be found on the distribution's home page.
White Box Enterprise Linux 3.0 Respin 1
White Box Enterprise Linux 3.0 Respin 1 is now available via BitTorrent or FTP. "New and improved features include all errata released by Red Hat through May 31, 2004, and x86_64 moves from an outside contributed port to an officially supported platform on an equal footing with i386. The problem with up2date and mirrors has been solved, and support for third party package repositories has been improved. The rhn-applet has been fully ported for this release and added to the default install." For more details you can read the announcement.
Metadistro Pequelin 0.6
The Metadistro Pequelin project has released Pequelin version 0.6. Metadistro Pequelin is a Knoppix-based Spanish Linux distribution designed for children, juveniles, and educational use, with its primary objective being ease-of-use. Besides functioning as a live CD, the distribution can also be installed on hard disk. Read the release announcement and other information about the project on the distribution's home page (Spanish only).
SAM Mini-Live-CD 0.2
SAM Mini-Live-CD is a bootable mini CD containing a full desktop system in German and English languages, including programs like AbiWord, Gnumeric, GIMP, full Mozilla suite, multimedia applications, games and the complete Mandrake Control Centre. SAM is based on Mandrakelinux and build with the help of mklivecd-scripts. The desktop is XFce with a nice touch of MacOS-X. The web site of SAM Mini-Live-CD is in German only, but its user forums are bi-lingual (German and English). Also check out the screenshots to get an idea what the distribution's desktop looks like.
Navyn OS 2004.06
This is the first stable release of Navyn OS, a Gentoo-based Linux live CD with Fluxbox as its default desktop environment, kernel 2.6 and XFree86 4.4.0. From the changelog: "A lot of changes. Added AbiWord, Opera, ADSL support and neostrada, support for ISA soundcards and WIFI cards. Ideal for wardriving, with kismet, airsnort, p0f, amap, vmap, hping, thcrut. New sniffers: ethereal and ettercap. Fixed MPlayer fonts, now launching from menu with GUI by default; new scripts for configuring XFree86, works fine with LCD now; you can install on hard drive without Internet connection, GRUB is on CD...". The full changelog, download links and other information about the project can be found on the distribution's home page.
Munjoy Linux 0.5.5
A new version of Munjoy Linux is out: "Munjoy Linux 0.5.5 released. This release includes the proprietary NVIDIA drivers, UI theme and icon improvements, a new apt repository, and various other fixes. See the changelog and roadmap for full details or go directly to the download page.".
tinysofa enterprise server 1.0 Update 2
This is the second update to tinysofa enterprise server 1.0: "tinysofa enterprise server 1.0-U2 is now generally available. Update 2 features security updates, bug fixes and application enhancements. This release moves the 1.0 branch of tinysofa enterprise server into a maintenance state; i.e., a security update and bug fix only cycle.". Read the announcement on the distribution's home page.
It took more than three years, but it is here, finally. Skolelinux 1.0 has been released: "Today, Debian-based Skolelinux reached v1.0 representing a milestone in the project. Behind the release are more than houndred developers, who have worked hard in the last three years. Skolelinux v1.0 is the first stable version, after more than three years of development. 47 test candidates and 3 prereleases have been released, and more than 93 Norwegian schools have registered as test schools with a surge the last few months. Skolelinux is a preconfigured network solution based on the Linux distribution Debian tailored for schools' needs and resources.". Read the full announcement for additional details.
The Sorcerer project has released a new Install/Rescue disk, version 20040620: "This new Install/Rescue disk is surgically clean and precise. It's smaller than the previous one because it contains only one Linux source version 2.6.7. Do you remember traditional device names? This release features a udev populated /dev mounted on ramfs. Since devfs is being deprecated from the Linux 2.6 kernel we are moving back to the old naming system. Its build system is powered by a 3rd generation, bug fixed, speed enhanced sorcery release name Sol. Second only to yourself it will be the light and warmth that brings life to your Sorcerer boxes.". The full announcement.
Development and unannounced releases
|Upcoming Releases and Announcements
MandrakeSoft has published an estimated development and release schedule for the next release of Mandrakelinux, version 10.1. The beta testing period will kick off on 1 July with 3 beta releases and 2 release candidates. Mandrakelinux 10.1 Community Edition is scheduled to be released on 20 August, with the Official Edition following on 15 September. For updated information, please visit the Mandrakelinux Wiki. Just remember that this schedule is just a rough estimate - the original release schedule of Mandrakelinux 10.0 was not strictly adhered to.
AL-AMLUG Live CD 0.5
The Arch Linux-based AL-AMLUG live CD project has announced a soon-to-be-released new version 0.5, with some other changes affecting the project's focus: "The new AL-AMLUG version 0.5 is in process. There is a plan to change its purpose to act more as a demo CD instead of a workstation disk. It will still function as a rescue CD, HD installer and testing Linux compatible hardwares. Some office and multimedia packages, MySQL and PHP will be removed to give place for desktops and WMs." The full story.
|Web Site News
Mozilla overtakes MSIE
Here is an interesting indication of how open source software is starting to take over many aspects of our daily computing. Back in the early days of DistroWatch 3 years ago, the browser share of visitors browsing DistroWatch.com was heavily in favour of Microsoft Internet Explorer (MSIE) with nearly 60% of all visitors using a version of that browser. Mozilla (including all Gecko-based browsers, such as Netscape 6 and 7, Galeon, etc) constituted about 26% of the browsers. Unfortunately for MSIE, it was all downhill from the Microsoft browser. Last week, for the first time ever, Mozilla has overtaken MSIE as the most popular browser used by visitors browsing DistroWatch!
As always, these statistics are subject to many variables, such as having the correct browser string presenting itself to the Apache web server and other factors, but the trend is very clear: more and more users are switching away from MSIE and using one of the open source browsers, be it Mozilla itself, or one of the browsers using Mozilla's browser engine, such as Firefox, Galeon or Epiphany.
You can see the latest browser statistics on this page. Mozilla, with 34% share, has a marginal lead of just over 1% over MSIE, which is now used by less than one third of DistroWatch visitors. Other Mozilla-based browsers are tracked separately, so if we had to add them to the Mozilla total, its lead would increase by another 2 - 3 %. Opera is the third most popular browser with a nearly 5% browser share, followed by Konqueror, which has 3.7% browser share.
As for the operating systems used to access this site, we don't have any aggregate data over a longer period, but a quick check of a random 100 recent visitors indicates that 38 of them accessed the site from within Linux, 2 from Mac OS X and the remaining visitors were Windows users (44% Windows XP, 13% Windows 2000).
New distribution additions
- SAM Mini-Live-CD. SAM Mini-Live-CD is a bootable mini CD containing a full desktop system in German and English languages, including programs like AbiWord, Gnumeric, GIMP, full Mozilla suite, multimedia programs, games and the complete Mandrake Control Centre. SAM is based on Mandrakelinux and build with the help of mklivecd-scripts. The desktop is XFce with a nice touch of MacOS-X.
- Hiweed Linux. Hiweed Linux is a Chinese desktop Linux distribution based on Debian GNU/Linux. It includes preconfigured Chinese applications, such as fcitx, stardict, zhcon, ttf-simsun, etc.
- Asianux. Asianux is a Linux server operating system which is co-developed by Chinese Leading Linux vendor Red Flag Software Co., Ltd. and Japanese Linux vendor Miracle Linux Cooperation, aiming at the common-standard enterprise Linux platform for Enterprise systems in Asia. It provides enterprise customers with high reliability, scalability, manageability and better hardware and software compatibility. Asianux certification partner program will invite more hardware and software products to be certified on Asianux, and it will definitely help to reduce developing and certificating resources and provide Linux with high quality and low cost. Red Flag Software and Miracle will distribute and market Asianux without any modifications in each Linux distribution package in China and Japan. New products will be based on Asianux and each will be bundled with localised features in each country.
Asianux 1.0 - catering for Windows refugees
(full image size 333kB)
New on the waiting list
DistroWatch database summary
- ParallelKnoppix. ParallelKnoppix is a variant of the Knoppix CD that adds the ability to create an MPI-enabled cluster in about 15 minutes. Both the LAM/MPI and MPICH implementations are supported. This might be useful to people who would like to explore parallel computing, or to people who already use parallel computing, but would like to have a "portable cluster".
- Peoples Linux. Peoples Linux is a new desktop Linux distribution made in India. It is currently under development.
- Thinstation. Thinstation is a Linux distribution that enables you to convert standard PCs into full-featured diskless thin clients supporting all major connectivity protocols like Citrix ICA, MS Windows terminal services (RDP), X, Telnet, SSH... It can be booted from the network using Etherboot/PXE or from standard media like floppy/CD/hd/flash-disk etc. The configuration can be centralised to simplify terminal management.
- Number of Linux distributions in the database: 309
- Number of BSD distributions in the database: 7
- Number of discontinued distributions: 32
- Number of distributions on the waiting list: 81
From Windows to Linux without any removable media
Marc Herbert writes:
Hilux Debian Installer
George Christian Birzan writes:
"I would like to bring to your attention a Debian Woody installer we've created, trying to overcome many of our main gripes about the stock one. It contains a 2.4.26 kernel, XFS, ReiserFS, LVM, RAID support and a more 'friendly' shell during the installation. It's listed on linuxmafia.com
and on Slashdot
. Its website is here
and we thought it would help awareness if it would be mentioned on your site."
That's all for this week, see you all next Monday :-)
|Linux Foundation Training
|• Issue 840 (2019-11-11): Fedora 31, monitoring user activity, Fedora working to improve Python performance, FreeBSD gets faster networking|
|• Issue 839 (2019-11-04): MX 19, manipulating PDFs, Ubuntu plans features for 20.04, Fedora 29 nears EOL, Netrunner drops Manjaro-based edition|
|• Issue 838 (2019-10-28): Xubuntu 19.10, how init and service managers work together, DragonFly BSD provides emergency mode for HAMMER, Xfce team plans 4.16|
|• Issue 837 (2019-10-21): CentOS 8.0-1905, Trident finds a new base, Debian plans firewall changes, 15 years of Fedora, how to merge directories|
|• Issue 836 (2019-10-14): Archman 2019.09, Haiku improves ARM support, Project Trident shifting base OS, Unix turns 50|
|• Issue 835 (2019-10-07): Isotop, Mazon OS and, KduxOS, examples of using the find command, Mint's System Reports becomes proactive, Solus updates its desktops|
|• Issue 834 (2019-09-30): FreedomBox "Buster", CentOS gains a rolling release, Librem 5 phones shipping, Redcore updates its package manager|
|• Issue 833 (2019-09-23): Redcore Linux 1908, why Linux distros are free, Ubuntu making list of 32-bit software to keep, Richard M Stallman steps down from FSF leadership|
|• Issue 832 (2019-09-16): BlackWeb 1.2, checking for Wayland session and applications, Fedora to use nftables in firewalld, OpenBSD disables DoH in Firefox|
|• Issue 831 (2019-09-09): Adélie Linux 1.0 beta, using ffmpeg, awk and renice, Mint and elementary improvements, PureOS and Manjaro updates|
|• Issue 930 (2019-09-02): deepin 15.11, working with AppArmor profiles, elementary OS gets new greeter, exFAT support coming to Linux kernel|
|• Issue 829 (2019-08-26): EndeavourOS 2019.07.15, Drauger OS 7.4.1, finding the licenses of kernel modules, NetBSD gets Wayland application, GhostBSD changes base repo|
|• Issue 828 (2019-08-19): AcademiX 2.2, concerns with non-free firmware, UBports working on Unity8, Fedora unveils new EPEL channel, FreeBSD phasing out GCC|
|• Issue 827 (2019-08-12): Q4OS, finding files on the disk, Ubuntu works on ZFS, Haiku improves performance, OSDisc shutting down|
|• Issue 826 (2019-08-05): Quick looks at Resilient, PrimeOS, and BlueLight, flagship distros for desktops,Manjaro introduces new package manager|
|• Issue 825 (2019-07-29): Endless OS 3.6, UBports 16.04, gNewSense maintainer stepping down, Fedora developrs discuss optimizations, Project Trident launches stable branch|
|• Issue 824 (2019-07-22): Hexagon OS 1.0, Mageia publishes updated media, Fedora unveils Fedora CoreOS, managing disk usage with quotas|
|• Issue 823 (2019-07-15): Debian 10, finding 32-bit packages on a 64-bit system, Will Cooke discusses Ubuntu's desktop, IBM finalizes purchase of Red Hat|
|• Issue 822 (2019-07-08): Mageia 7, running development branches of distros, Mint team considers Snap, UBports to address Google account access|
|• Issue 821 (2019-07-01): OpenMandriva 4.0, Ubuntu's plan for 32-bit packages, Fedora Workstation improvements, DragonFly BSD's smaller kernel memory|
|• Issue 820 (2019-06-24): Clear Linux and Guix System 1.0.1, running Android applications using Anbox, Zorin partners with Star Labs, Red Hat explains networking bug, Ubuntu considers no longer updating 32-bit packages|
|• Issue 819 (2019-06-17): OS108 and Venom, renaming multiple files, checking live USB integrity, working with Fedora's Modularity, Ubuntu replacing Chromium package with snap|
|• Issue 818 (2019-06-10): openSUSE 15.1, improving boot times, FreeBSD's status report, DragonFly BSD reduces install media size|
|• Issue 817 (2019-06-03): Manjaro 18.0.4, Ubuntu Security Podcast, new Linux laptops from Dell and System76, Entroware Apollo|
|• Issue 816 (2019-05-27): Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.0, creating firewall rules, Antergos shuts down, Matthew Miller answers questions about Fedora|
|• Issue 815 (2019-05-20): Sabayon 19.03, Clear Linux's developer features, Red Hat explains MDS flaws, an overview of mobile distro options|
|• Issue 814 (2019-05-13): Fedora 30, distributions publish Firefox fixes, CentOS publishes roadmap to 8.0, Debian plans to use Wayland by default|
|• Issue 813 (2019-05-06): ROSA R11, MX seeks help with systemd-shim, FreeBSD tests unified package management, interview with Gael Duval|
|• Issue 812 (2019-04-29): Ubuntu MATE 19.04, setting up a SOCKS web proxy, Scientific Linux discontinued, Red Hat takes over Java LTS support|
|• Issue 811 (2019-04-22): Alpine 3.9.2, rsync examples, Ubuntu working on ZFS support, Debian elects new Project Leader, Obarun releases S6 tools|
|• Issue 810 (2019-04-15): SolydXK 201902, Bedrock Linux 0.7.2, Fedora phasing out Python 2, NetBSD gets virtual machine monitor|
|• Issue 809 (2019-04-08): PCLinuxOS 2019.02, installing Falkon and problems with portable packages, Mint offers daily build previews, Ubuntu speeds up Snap packages|
|• Issue 808 (2019-04-01): Solus 4.0, security benefits and drawbacks to using a live distro, Gentoo gets GNOME ports working without systemd, Redox OS update|
|• Issue 807 (2019-03-25): Pardus 17.5, finding out which user changed a file, new Budgie features, a tool for browsing FreeBSD's sysctl values|
|• Issue 806 (2019-03-18): Kubuntu vs KDE neon, Nitrux's znx, notes on Debian's election, SUSE becomes an independent entity|
|• Issue 805 (2019-03-11): EasyOS 1.0, managing background services, Devuan team debates machine ID file, Ubuntu Studio works to remain an Ubuntu Community Edition|
|• Issue 804 (2019-03-04): Condres OS 19.02, securely erasing hard drives, new UBports devices coming in 2019, Devuan to host first conference|
|• Issue 803 (2019-02-25): Septor 2019, preventing windows from stealing focus, NetBSD and Nitrux experiment with virtual machines, pfSense upgrading to FreeBSD 12 base|
|• Issue 802 (2019-02-18): Slontoo 18.07.1, NetBSD tests newer compiler, Fedora packaging Deepin desktop, changes in Ubuntu Studio|
|• Issue 801 (2019-02-11): Project Trident 18.12, the meaning of status symbols in top, FreeBSD Foundation lists ongoing projects, Plasma Mobile team answers questions|
|• Issue 800 (2019-02-04): FreeNAS 11.2, using Ubuntu Studio software as an add-on, Nitrux developing znx, matching operating systems to file systems|
|• Issue 799 (2019-01-28): KaOS 2018.12, Linux Basics For Hackers, Debian 10 enters freeze, Ubuntu publishes new version for IoT devices|
|• Issue 798 (2019-01-21): Sculpt OS 18.09, picking a location for swap space, Solus team plans ahead, Fedora trying to get a better user count|
|• Issue 797 (2019-01-14): Reborn OS 2018.11.28, TinyPaw-Linux 1.3, dealing with processes which make the desktop unresponsive, Debian testing Secure Boot support|
|• Issue 796 (2019-01-07): FreeBSD 12.0, Peppermint releases ISO update, picking the best distro of 2018, roundtable interview with Debian, Fedora and elementary developers|
|• Issue 795 (2018-12-24): Running a Pinebook, interview with Bedrock founder, Alpine being ported to RISC-V, Librem 5 dev-kits shipped|
|• Issue 794 (2018-12-17): Void 20181111, avoiding software bloat, improvements to HAMMER2, getting application overview in GNOME Shell|
|• Issue 793 (2018-12-10): openSUSE Tumbleweed, finding non-free packages, Debian migrates to usrmerge, Hyperbola gets FSF approval|
|• Issue 792 (2018-1203): GhostBSD 18.10, when to use swap space, DragonFly BSD's wireless support, Fedora planning to pause development schedule|
|• Issue 791 (2018-11-26): Haiku R1 Beta1, default passwords on live media, Slax and Kodachi update their media, dual booting DragonFly BSD on EFI|
|• Issue 790 (2018-11-19): NetBSD 8.0, Bash tips and short-cuts, Fedora's networking benchmarked with FreeBSD, Ubuntu 18.04 to get ten years of support|
|• Issue 789 (2018-11-12): Fedora 29 Workstation and Silverblue, Haiku recovering from server outage, Fedora turns 15, Debian publishes updated media|
|• Issue 788 (2018-11-05): Clu Linux Live 6.0, examining RAM consumpion, finding support for older CPUs, more Steam support for running Windows games on Linux, update from Solus team|
|• Full list of all issues|
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|Random Distribution |
Linux Caixa Mágica
Caixa Mágica is a Portuguese Linux distribution for desktops and servers. The project's early versions were based on SUSE Linux and later on Mandriva Linux, but starting from version 16 Caixa Mágica is built from Ubuntu. It features the GNOME desktop environment.